It would seem so. America leads the list of OECD nations in low-wage jobs:
Schmitt writes: “Not only are low-wage workers likely to stay in low-wage jobs from one year to the next, they are also more likely than workers in higher-wage jobs to fall into unemployment or to leave the labor force altogether. … U.S. labor law offers workers remarkably few protections. U.S. workers, for example, have the lowest level of employment security in the OECD and no legal right to paid vacations, paid sick days, or paid parental leave. … [M]ore than half (54 percent) of workers in the bottom wage quintile did not have employer-provided health insurance and more than one-third (37 percent) had no health insurance of any kind, private or public.”
Interestingly, this correlates relatively well with collective bargaining (R2 = 0.317). The more access to collective bargaining, the fewer the low-wage jobs.